Hypertension symptoms

Information about symptoms of hypertension, prevention and treatment of hypertension.
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Attributes and symptoms of hypertension

The first and most important symptom of hypertonic illness constantly raised arterial pressure is abundantly clear. Other symptoms of hypertension will consider more correctly in connection with corresponding stages of disease. We shall remind, that degrees of a hypertensia three: easy, average and heavy.
The first (easy) degree of a hypertension. Arterial pressure rock within the limits of 140-159/90-99 mm hg the Patient is disturbed with symptoms which at ignorance of the true reason are easy for accepting for consequences of overfatigue or a beginning cold. At sick of a hypertension the Second (moderate) degree of development of hypertonic illness decreases работосп. The level of arterial pressure still increases. Now it makes 160-179/100-109 mm hg Attributes of a hypertension of the second degree painful, strong headaches and dizzinesses, pains in the field of heart are. At this stage of a hypertensia bodies-targets, first of all vessels of an eye bottom already suffer. Work особность worsens, the dream worsens, there are headaches. Occasionally attributes of a hypertensia in an initial stage dizzinesses and nose bleedings can be.

At a hypertensia of the first degree it is possible to achieve disappearance of symptoms, and sometimes and full recover, having established for the patient a correct diet and following recommendations of the doctor-cardiologist on normalization of a way of life.
The second (moderate) degree of development of hypertonic illness. The level of arterial pressure still increases. Now it makes 160-179/100-109 mm hg Attributes and symptoms of hypertension of the second degree painful, strong headaches and dizzinesses, pains in the field of heart are. At this stage of a hypertensia bodies-targets, first of all vessels of an eye bottom already suffer. Work of kidneys, nervous and cardiovascular system worsens. Danger of an insult is not excluded. Independent normalization of pressure at the second stage of hypertonic illness to achieve it is already impossible, reception of the preparations appointed by the cardiologist is necessary for the patient.
The third (heavy) a degree of a hypertension. Arterial pressure exceeds 180/110 mm hg, and disease already represents threat of a life of the patient. Loading on vessels is so great, that there are irreversible changes in intimate activity. The third step of hypertonic illness is fraught with development of such hardest diseases of cardiovascular system, as a stenocardia, a heart attack of a myocardium. Can develop intimate insufficiency, аритмии. Other bodies-targets suffer also. Hypertonic illness of the third degree can provoke insults and encephalopathies from a brain, defeats of vessels of a retina from an eye bottom. Develops chronic kidney insufficiency. Medical intervention at this stage of hypertonic illness is unequivocally necessary.
Hypertonic illness of the second and third degree can become complicated such "symptom" as a hypertonic crisis. Hypertonic the crisis frequently arises in a situation when sick hypertonic illness, having felt better as a result of treatment, any way ceases to accept the medicines appointed by the cardiologist.
What is the hypertonic crisis? So the sharp aggravation of all basic displays of a hypertensia refers to. The hypertonic crisis can proceed in one of three versions, accompanied by various symptoms.
1. Neurovegetation a hypertonic crisis. At this form of a hypertonic crisis of the patient comes to a condition of overexcitation and anxiety, looks frightened. The low temperature can rise, hands shiver, a leather damp. Pressure, mainly top (систолическое) increases, the tachycardia is observed.
2. The hypertonic crisis is observed generally at the women sick of hypertonic illness, after the use of a plenty of a liquid or salty food. At such variant of a hypertonic crisis appreciable symptoms are strongly expressed hypostases of hands and persons (from here and the name), patients are braked, sleepy. At them raises both top, and bottom (диастолическое) pressure.
3. Less often than other forms of a hypertonic crisis there is a convulsive crisis. This hardest condition provoked by defeat of a brain (an encephalopathy with connection of a hypostasis of a brain) at malignant current of a hypertension. The convulsive crisis is shown, as too it is clear from the name, spasmes of the patient. Complications in the form of a brain haemorrhage are possible.
As a whole it is possible to tell about a hypertonic crisis, that a level of arterial pressure at it usually above, than at usual aggravations of a hypertension. The most typical attribute of a crisis - sharp rise bottom (diastol) pressure.
More often the hypertonic crisis is caused by infringements of a rhythm and intensity of blood supply of a brain and its environments or sometimes other bodies. Therefore during a hypertonic crisis pressure can raise not so strongly, and the condition of a crisis is shown as a sharp aggravation of symptoms of defeat of bodies-targets. To avoid such heavy displays of a hypertension as a hypertonic crisis, the patient should remember always that treatment of a hypertensia demands constant supporting therapy, and any way to stop reception of medicines in no event it is impossible.


The world day of struggle against a hypertension which is spent since 2005 under the initiative of the World league of struggle against hypertension , in it to year passed under the slogan Salt and high arterial pressure: two silent murderers .

Hypertension symptoms
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