Hypertension - disease for which proof increase of arterial pressure above borders of the physiological norm (120/80) is characteristic, connected with infringement of a vascular tone. Contributing factors can be: the mental trauma, the raised maintenance of table salt (NaCl) in food, an inactive way of life, excess weight, smoking, abusing alcohol. The important role is played with the hereditary factor.
If increase of arterial pressure arises on a background of diseases of heart, kidneys, endocrin systems speak about a secondary, symptomatic arterial hypertensia.
Attributes and symptoms of hypertension: increase of arterial pressure that is clinically shown by a headache, noise in ears, flashing of "front sights" before eyes, a pain in the field of heart, palpitation.
Diagnostics of hypertonic illness is based on revealing of the raised arterial pressure at its repeated measurement.
The raised arterial pressure in due course leads to changes of vessels, infringements of work of heart, a brain, kidneys, sight, etc. On it at first attributes and symptoms of hypertension consultation of the expert is necessary.
Preventive maintenance of hypertonic illness: restriction of reception of table salt, the use of alcohol, smoking. Observance of a mode of work and rest.
Treatment of hypertonic illness includes a diet, use hypotensive preparations which selection is carried out only by the doctor.
Treatment of a symptomatic arterial hypertensia is directed on elimination of the reasons of the basic disease. Purpose hypotensive preparations - symptomatic.
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SYMPTOMS OF HYPERTENSION As well as any other somatic disease, a hypertension has the certain semiology of display. For an initial stage of a hypertensia dizzinesses without the visible reasons, and also infringements of a dream (a sleeplessness, uneasiness, discomfort) are characteristic periodically arising weakness, migraine headaches.
ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION Except for arterial hypertension is at us and such not palatable illness, as a pulmonary hypertension. As the arterial hypertension in view of the mass character has got character of national disaster, it is included in the National program.
HYPERTENSION The very first classification of a hypertension belongs to German doctor Frantsu Folhardu, which else in 1914 has started to subdivide it on red and pale. Here such then there was a primitive attitude to this artful illness.
ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION Arterial hypertension is artful that at an initial stage almost has no symptoms. The diagnosis is established at steady arterial pressure of 140/90 mm hg. Though doctors consider, that pressure of 130/80 mm hg already should be considered guarding